Nepal-Ireland Relations

Nepal and Ireland established diplomatic relations on 6 February 1998. The total trade between Nepal and Ireland is worth 189 million Nepalese rupees in 2016 and the trade is heavily in Ireland’s favor. Nepal’s exports to this country stand at around 12 million only. A considerable number of tourists from Ireland visit Nepal every year. Forty-four mountaineers received permission for mountaineering in 2015. There have been investments of worth 738 million rupees in seven projects from Ireland up to the year 2070 B.S.

Nepal Ireland Parliamentary Friendship Group was established on 3rd April 2017. Right Honourable Mr. Ceann Comhairle, Speaker of Lower House of the Parliament chairs all parliamentary groups including Nepal Ireland Parliamentary Friendship Group. Honourable Mr.O Sullivan TD has been designated as the Convenor of the group. With the establishment of the group, it is expected that parliamentary exchanges will expand development cooperation and foster trust and understanding between the two governments and parliaments.

Ireland’s embassy in New Delhi is concurrently accredited to Nepal while Embassy of Nepal in London looks after Nepal’s relations with Ireland. Ambassador of Nepal to Ireland, His Excellency Dr. Durga Bahadur Subedi presented his letters of Credence on 27 April 2017 to His Excellency Michael D. Higgins, President of Ireland amidst a special ceremony held at the Presidential Palace at Dublin.

Fact Sheet: Ireland

Background

Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century was finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. In 1949, Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland is gradually being implemented despite some difficulties. In 2006, the Irish and British governments developed and began to implement the St. Andrews Agreement, building on the Good Friday Agreement approved in 1998.

Geography

It covers an area of 70,273 sq km.

Economy

Ireland is a small, modern, trade-dependent economy. GDP growth averaged 6% in 1995-2007, but economic activity dropped sharply in 2008 and Ireland entered into a recession for the first time in more than a decade with the onset of the world financial crisis and subsequent severe slowdown in the property and construction markets. Agriculture, once the most important sector, is now dwarfed by industry and services. Although the export sector, dominated by foreign multinationals, remains a key component of Ireland’s economy, construction most recently fueled economic growth along with strong consumer spending and business investment. Property prices rose more rapidly in Ireland in the decade up to 2006 than in any other developed world economy. Per capita GDP also surged during Ireland’s high-growth years, and in 2007 surpassed that of the United States. The Irish Government has implemented a series of national economic programs designed to curb price and wage inflation, invest in infrastructure, increase labor force skills, and promote foreign investment. In 2008, the COWEN government moved to guarantee all bank deposits, recapitalize the banking system, and establish partly-public venture capital funds in response to the country’s economic downturn. Ireland joined in circulating the euro on 1 January 2002 along with 11 other EU nations.

Its GDP is estimated at 307 billion dollars in 2016. National per capita income stands at 69.400 US dollars.

Its main exports consist of machinery and equipment, computers, chemicals, medical devices, pharmaceuticals; foodstuffs, animal products and top five partners for exports are UK, USA, Belgium, Germany and Switzerland. Its main imports consist of data processing equipment, other machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum and petroleum products, textiles, clothing.

Society

The Irish population, which was 4.9 million in 2016, comprises Irish 84.5%, other white 9.8%, Asian 1.9%, black 1.4%, mixed and other 0.9%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.). In terms of religion, it is composed of Roman Catholic 84.7%, Church of Ireland 2.7%, other Christian 2.7%, Muslim 1.1%, other 1.7%, unspecified 1.5%, none 5.7% (2011 est.).

Government

It has parliamentary republican system of Government. It became independent from UK on 6 December 1921. With its capital in Dublin, it has 28 counties and three cities.

Foreign Policy

The Irish foreign policy focuses on reconciliation and cooperation on the Island of the Ireland, the provision of support for Irish citizens travelling living and working abroad, the growing engagement with Irish diaspora and the promotion of the Irish culture. Ireland supports for a fairer, more just, more secure and more sustainable world through development programs, human rights policies, peacekeeping disarmaments, and security policies as well as growing engagement with emerging global issues including climate change. It also considers the role in the European Union and the United Nations in amplifying Ireland’s voice and extending its influence.

Updated on 25 April 2017

Embassy of Nepal, London