A quick look at Nepal
Nepal is the Himalayan country known as the land of the Mt. Everest and
the birthplace of Lord Buddha. The country is situated in South Asia,
bordered on the north by People's Republic of China and on the south, west and east by the Republic of India.
Nepal is a mountainous country with the Himalayan belt in the north, the
hilly region and fertile valleys in the middle and the narrow strip of
plain Terai in the South, all running parallel to each other from East
Owing to the varied topography, the country has diverse climatic conditions.
It is generally cold in the mountainous region, mild weather in the hills
and warm in the plains.
1,500 -2,500mm (average)
Kathmandu, a historical city with rich cultural heritage is Nepal's capital
with one and a half million people.
Size of the population: 27 million (est.) with an average annual growth
rate of 2.1%. The life expectancy at birth is 57 years and the
literary rate is 45%. The size of the urban population is 12% of the total
Nepal is a multi-ethnic and multi-lingual society characterized by tolerance
and harmony. Nepali is the official language as well as the main language
of communication. English is widely spoken in the capital, other urban
metropolises and tourist areas.
The country is divided into 5 development regions, 14 zones and 75 districts.
Nepali calendar, which is based on Vikram Era, commences from Baishakh
1 every year (tentatively April 13-14 of the Gregorian Calendar)
Nepali Fiscal Year commences from Mid July to Mid July of the following year.
The normal workweek is five and a half days from Sunday through Friday.
The office hours for the civil service, banks and business organizations are
from 10:00 am to 5:00 pm (in winter from 10.00 am to 4:00 pm). The office
hours in Kathmandu valley are from 9.00 am to 5.00 pm from Sunday to
Nepal Standard Time:
5:45 ahead of GMT.
Units and Exchange Rates:
Nepali Rupee (NR) is the legal tender. It has a fixed exchange rate vis-à-vis
Indian Rupee while its exchange rate with other convertible currencies
is determined by the floating exchange rate principle.
Kathmandu is connected with major world cities through various airlines.
There is a total of 15,458km of Road.
Mahendra Highway connects the eastern part of the country to the west.
This highway with a length of about 1,000 km also forms the part of the
Asian Highway. Kathmandu is connected with three highway systems: Prithvi
Highway connecting to south and West, Tribhuvan Raj Path: Connecting to
South, and Arniko Highway: Connecting to Northeast of the country.